Coordinating for Cohesion in the Public Sector of the Future

Government outlays and administrative public employment

Regarding the government expenditure indicator, measured in this research as the share of general government expenses in GDP, for 7 countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Italy, the Netherlands and the UK) our data is complete, stretching across 1980- 2010 whilst, between 1990-2010, we have data for 11 countries and between 1995-2010 for all 18. Looking at this group of 7 countries, three were first-movers to cut outlays: the Netherlands (11 % from 1980-2000), the UK (8.5 %) and Belgium (over 7 %). Austria, Finland, France and Italy continued to grow at that time. Across the period 1985-2010, these first-movers saw sustained reductions: Netherlands (13 %), Belgium (11 %) and the UK (nearly 10 %), whilst Austria, France and Italy reduced expenditure only by small %ages, and outlays in Finland grew slightly. Looking now at the 18 countries across 1995 to 2010, we can see that all countries, except Greece, reduced outlays from 1995 to 2000. Greatest reductions occurred in: Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland, Germany, Hungary and Norway. However, between 2000 and 2010, outlays grew in all countries except Sweden, led by Ireland, at nearly 36 %, followed by the UK (nearly 12 %) and Portugal (nearly 10 %).

As regards public administration and defence employment, data includes 5 countries from 1980 to 2009, 6 from 1990-2009, 14 from 1995-2009 and 16 from 2000-9. Of this first Group of 5 countries, employment fell across this period except in Finland. Across the period 1995 to 2009, employment fell in all countries except for Ireland and Estonia.

Access here the figure related to government expenditure
Access here the figure related to public employment

This page has been modified on 17 January 2012